The adaptation of foreign minors between risk and protective factors


  • Marinella Muscarà Università Kore di Enna
  • Giulio D'Urso University College of Dublin
  • Alessia Passanisi Università Kore di Enna
  • Ugo Pace Kore University of Enna



adaptation, systematic review, unaccompanied foreign minors, risk and protection factors, life project


The frame of risk and protection factors in relation to the social and educational adaptation of unaccompanied foreign minors is very complex. This qualitative Systematic Review aims to analyze the most recent scientific research on psychological, educational and social variables that can contribute to adaptation, in order to outline the factors on which to work in order to structure intervention strategies as well as to structure life projects in line with the evidence. The literature search conducted identified 11 empirical studies. The results highlighted specific risk and protection factors, contextual (e.g. role of peers, teachers and parents) and individual (e.g. mental health, coping strategies, resilience) related to the adaptation of unaccompanied foreign minors. In addition to discussing the practical implications of the studies in line with development models, the methodological limitations found in the studies are also highlighted and future perspectives indicated.


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How to Cite

Muscarà, M., D’Urso, G., Passanisi, A. ., & Pace, U. (2021). The adaptation of foreign minors between risk and protective factors. Encyclopaideia, 25(60), 81–94.