The Peculiarities of Senior PreschoolChildren’s Representations of Family in Russian and Khakass Ethnic Groups


  • Irina Ivanovna Goncharova Khakass State University
  • Olesya Fyodorovna Gorbunova Khakass State University
  • Marina Yakovlevna Dobrya Khakass State University
  • Tatyana Anatolievna Dorofeeva Khakass State University
  • Klavdia Ivanovna Sultanbaeva Khakass State University



Representations of family, Preschool age children, Russian ethnos, Khakass ethnos, Khakass folk traditions


This article presents the results of a study on Khakass and Russian preschool children’s representations of family and family relations in the Republic of Khakassia. The data obtained reflect modern children's specific perception of a family as their micro-environment. The article demonstrates the differences in preschoolers' representations based on their ethno-cultural family affiliation. The research proved the high importance of traditional family arrangement and the value of family. The results identified that the Khakass children have the idea of the indispensable link between the young and old generations involving large relations within the extended family, while Russian children expressed the idea of a predominantly scaled down and closed nature of relations within family.


Akulova, E.F. (2017). Stress in the Family and Unwanted Behavior of a Child. Retrieved January 25, 2018 from (In Russian)

Alexandrova, T.V., & Ishutina, V.D. (2016). Peculiarities of «Family Image» in Senior Preschool Children from Protestant Families. In N.N. Vasilyeva (Eds.) Psychological and Pedagogical Support of Children's Education in the Context of the Federal State Educational Standard of Preschool and Primary General Education: A Collection of Scientific Articles. Cheboksary: Chuvash State Pedagogical University, pp. 11–15. (In Russian)

Antonova, A.I. (Eds).(2007). Family Sociology (2nd ed.). Moscow: Moscow State University named after M.V. Lomonosov.(In Russian)

Aptikieva, L.P., Aptikiev, A. K., & Bursakova, M.S. (2014). The Family Factor in a Child's Development. Newsletter of Orenburg State University, 7(168), pp. 185–190. Retrived January 22, 2018 from (In Russian)

Berezina, T.A. (2014). Peculiarities of Forming a Family Image in Modern Preschool Children. Kindergarten: Theory and Practice, 12(48), pp. 20–29. (In Russian)

Boss, P., Bryant, C., & Mancini, J. (2016). Family Stress Management: A Contextual Approach (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Bulanova, D.D. (2015). Formation of Family Membership in Children of Senior Preschool Age. Theory and Practice of Social Development, 3, pp. 189–192. (In Russian)

Bureeva, S.V., & Gorbunova, O.F. (2017). Peculiarities of Family Image in Children of Senoir Preschool Age from Different Ethnic Groups. In Baklanova, T.I. et al. (Eds.) Ethno-Cultural Activity in Modern Educational Organizations and Cultural Institutions: Experience, Problems, Perspectives: Proceedings of International Scientific Conference, Moscow, March 25, 2017. Cheboksary: Center for Scientific Cooperation «Interactive Plus», pp. 255–258. (In Russian)

Butanaev, V.Y. (1996). Traditional Culture and Lifestyle of Khakassians. Abakan: Khakassian Book Publishing House. Retrieved January 22, 2018 from (In Russian)

Day, R.D. (2014). Introduction to Family Processes (5th ed.). New York: Routledge.

Demidova, N.I. (2003). The Formation of Family Image in Senior Preschool Children. Extended abstract of Ph.D. dissertation in Pedagogical Sciences. Moscow: Moscow City University. (In Russian)

Dybina, O.V. (Eds.) (2009). Diagnostics of a Child's Orientation Towards the World of Family. Moscow: Center for Pedagogical Education. (In Russian)

Dybina, O.V. et al. (2011). Psychology and Pedagogy of a Child's OrientationToward the World of Family. Togliatti: TSU Publishing House. (In Russian)

Golod, S.I. (2008). Sociological and Demographic Analysis of the State and Evolution of Family. Sociological Research, 1, pp. 40–49. (In Russian)

Gurko, T.A. (2017). New Family Forms: Trends and Concepts. Sociological Research, 11, pp. 99–110. (In Russian)

Howard, A. R. H., Razuri, E. B., Call, C. D., DeLuna, J. H., Purvis, K. B., & Cross, D.R. (2017). Family drawings as attachment representations in a sample of post-institutionalized adopted children. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 52, pp. 63–71. Retrieved January 22, 2018 from

Ivanikhin, A.A. (2017). Family and Its Role in the Upbringing of Children of Primary School Age. Proceedings of the International Scientific and Practical Conference. In I.P. Krasnoshchechenko (Eds.) Socialization of a Person in the Modern World in the Interests of Society's Sustainable Development. Kaluga: Kaluga State University named after K.E. Tsiolkovsky, pp. 627–637. Retrieved January 22, 2018 from (In Russian)

King, V., Boyd, L.M., Thorsen, M.L. (2015). Adolescents' Perceptions of Family Belonging in Stepfamilies. Journal of Marriage and Family, 77(3), pp. 761–774.

Kolomiychenko, L.V., & Voronova, O.A. (2013). Family Values in the Upbringing of ChildrenAged 3–7 years. Moscow: Creative Center «Sfera». (In Russian)

Lapshina, Z.S. (2010). The Image of Russian Family in 20–21 Centuries. Retrieved January 22, 2018 from (In Russian)

Mustafaeva, D.S. (2015). Family as a Source of Universal and National-Ethnic Values in the Upbringing and Development of an Individual. World of Science, Culture, Education, 2(51), pp. 96–98. (In Russian)

Qiu, W., Schvaneveldt, P. L., & Sahin, V. (2013). Children’s perceptions and definitions of family in China, Ecuador, Turkey, and the United States. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 44(5), pp. 641–660.

Raby, K. L., & Dozier, M. (2019). Attachment across the lifespan: insights from adoptive families. Current Opinion in Psychology, 25, pp. 81–85. Retrieved from

Rubinstein, S.L. (2007). Fundamentals of General Psychology. St. Petersburg: Piter. (In Russian)

Ryan, R., & Claessens, A. (2013). Associations between family structure change and children's behavior problems: The moderating effects of timing and marital birth. Developmental psychology, 49(7), pp. 1219–31.

Sharif, Z.M., Yadegari, N., Bahrami, H., & Khorsand, T. (2018). Representation of children attachment styles in corman’s instruction of family drawing. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 57, pp. 34–42. Retrieved January 22, 2018 from

Shkhakhutova, Z.Z. (2015). Adyghe Pedagogical Culture on the Upbringing of the New Generation. M.-Berlin: Direct-Media. (In Russian)

Sonnette, M. B., Patrick, T. D., Sturge-Apple, M. L., & Cummings, E. M. (2009). Children’s Representations of Family Relationships. Peer Information Processing, and School Adjustment. Developmental Psychology, 45(6), pp. 1740–1751.

Toburchinova, O.G. (2003). Family Traditions of Khakassians. Open Lesson «The First of September». Retrieved December 19, 2017 from http://открытыйурок.рф/%D1%81%D1%82%D0%B0%D1%82%D1%8C%D0%B8/581248/

Tokmova, O.A. (2016). Upbringing and Education in a Khakassian Family. Education and Upbringing, 2, 11-14. Retrieved December 18, 2017 from

Under the Cover of Goddess Umai. Retrieved December 17, 2017 from

Ushinsky, К.D. (1974). Selected pedagogical writings: in 2 volumes. Vol. 1. Moscow: Radianska shkola.

White, L.M. (2015). Impact of Children's Literature on Family Structures and Children's Perceptions of Family. Education Masters. Paper 320.

Zhang, C. (2015). Russian Humanist Pedagogues on the Traditional Values of Family Education. Modern Problems of Science and Education, 2(Part 2). Retrieved January 22, 2018 from




How to Cite

Ivanovna Goncharova, I., Fyodorovna Gorbunova, O., Yakovlevna Dobrya, M., Anatolievna Dorofeeva, T., & Ivanovna Sultanbaeva, K. (2018). The Peculiarities of Senior PreschoolChildren’s Representations of Family in Russian and Khakass Ethnic Groups. Encyclopaideia, 22(52), 73–87.