The Bioecological Model as a Perspective to Interpret Foreign-born Students' Early School Leaving: a Multifactorial Approach

Caterina Bembich

Abstract


This article examines the theoretical implications associated with the study of the phenomenon of early school leaving amongst foreign-born students. Its aim to provide an overview of a theoretical framework able to describe and capture the different factors involved in this complex problem. This paper begins with a description of the phenomenon of early school leaving amongst foreign-born students, while the second part the article outlines the theoretical framework underlying the study of school dropout, according to a systemic and bioecological perspective of development. Here, different dimensions are analyzed, referring in particular to the ecological model as proposed by Bronfenbrenner (1995): time, interactional, personal, social and cultural dimensions are discussed. Drawing on a systemic, multifactorial, analytical approach, this reflection deepens the understanding of how different factors influence the academic pathways of foreign-born students, causing irregularity in the course of their studies and raising the risk of leaving school early.

Keywords


Early School Leaving; Bioecological Model; Foreign-born Student; Multifactorial Analytical Approach; Protective Factors

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DOI: 10.6092/issn.1825-8670/10081

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